Karine Perset

Karine Perset, Internet policy analyst at the Information, Computer and Communications Policy Committee, OECD

Bio

Karine Perset is an economist and Internet policy analyst at the Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP) Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a 30 member-country inter-governmental organisation based in Paris, France. She analyzes and monitors trends in information and communication technology, policy and market structure, with a particular focus on Internet infrastructure.

Her recent research has focused on Internet intermediaries, the transition from IPv4 and IPv6, the domain name system, and radio frequency identification. She previously focused on ICT and economic development at the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

Before joining the OECD, Karine worked as an Internet and telecommunications expert in New York (USA) and Paris (France) for technology companies as well as economic development agencies. She holds a double Masters in International Economics and in Management of Telecommunications, both from the University of Paris-Dauphine (France). 

Presentation abstract

One of the major challenges for the future of the Internet is its ability to scale to connect billions of people and devices. A key part of such scalability is the Internet Protocol (IP). However, the currently used version of the Internet Protocol, IPv4, is expected to run out of previously unallocated addresses in 2011, with only 5% of previously unallocated addresses remaining in September 2010.

When IPv4 addresses are fully allocated, operators and service providers must support the newer version of the Internet Protocol (IPv6) in order to add additional customers or devices to their networks. Otherwise, they will need to employ complex and expensive solutions to share scarce IPv4 addresses among multiple users and devices. For this reason, the timely deployment of IPv6 by network operators and content/application providers is an increasing priority for all Internet stakeholders. In terms of public policy, IPv6 plays an important role in enabling growth of the Internet to support further innovation. In addition, security, interoperability and competition issues are involved with the depletion of IPv4.

Encouraging IPv6 deployment is an explicit goal of OECD and a growing number of non-OECD countries. Benchmarking IPv6 deployment at the international level is necessary to help build awareness of the scope and scale of the issue, to support informed policy making, and to monitor the impact of various policies and the rate of progress.

Levels of deployment vary significantly by country. By 2010, IPv6 is going from negligible to mainstream commercial. IPv6 is still a small proportion of the Internet, although IPv6 use is growing faster than continued IPv4 use. The Internet is still in the early stages of a transition was taking place towards mostly “dual-stack” operation, with some green-field IPv6-only deployments for new purposes such as mobile Internet or sensor networks.

Overall, adequate adoption of IPv6 to satisfy foreseeable demand for Internet deployment requires much more mobilisation across all parts of the Internet.

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